Grammar Rules

If you missed #langchat last week, I did too. I do have an excuse though, just in case. As I was scrolling my feed an hour later, I came upon this tweet of one of my favorite bloggers, a fellow French teacher Lisa Shepard (
@mmeshep). As you can see quite a few langchatters expressed their approval, including myself.

Later, Lisa mentioned that she does not teach or explain the rules at the Novice level, to which I replied, 

Some of you (you know who you are) kindly asked for an explanation and since I don’t have a blog (I have the same excuse for that too), I decided to make this conversation public. Feel free to comment or add your thoughts; just be nice, as Martina Bex (@MartinaBex) recently requested. So here’s my story.

Five years ago I got a new job in a school where I would be the only French teacher. By that time, I had gone to a NTPRS conference which completely changed my views on language acquisition and teaching of L2. The experience of learning Swedish in one of the sessions sent me on a quest of everything CI related, Google became my best friend, I discovered teacher blogs. I had also experimented with storytelling and skill-based assessments in the classroom, but felt that I was tied to a school and district with many other more experienced professionals expecting me to follow the textbook. Heck, I was on the textbook adoption committee myself a few years prior to that.

As I walked into my new classroom for the first time, I felt free. Free from pressure to be on the same page, free from my own teaching baggage, free to start anew. I smiled and started to clean and rearrange the classroom that desperately needed it. Then I saw them. They were staring at me from the shelves. Three sets of textbooks of all levels from different publishers, some older than my future students. I stared at them too. At that very moment, I decided that if I wanted to take this chance to change my teaching, I needed to let everything go, including the textbook. So I did. Those old books remained on the shelves and were quietly disposed of a few summers ago. I did the same with vocabulary quizzes,  grammar exercises, culture days, homework, and many more things that I used to do just because everyone else around me was doing them. When Amy Lenord (@alenordwrote on her blog recently that old habits die hard, I felt like I dumped all mine at once but didn’t have enough left for a solid foundation to teach effectively balancing all aspects of this complex task.

If you ever made a similar drastic move at some point in your teaching career, you know quite well that it didn’t simplify my life. On the contrary, it made my prep nights longer. But I persisted and my students strived. They were able to say and write so much more than I could have ever imagined in my previous “page-by-page textbook + discrete grammar + canned tests + points off for everything wrong” teaching. My students had plenty of input, structured and scaffolded output, novels to read and role play, authentic resources and current events to discuss. I know that I am a much better teacher now than I was five years ago. It feels good. But I know I could be better.

Once my first class of freshmen graduated, the sense of full responsibility for my students achievement weighed heavily on my shoulders. Some particular patterns of errors and lack of attention to detail, especially in writing, were starting to bother me because there was no one else to blame – I am their only teacher after all.

Here’s a quick list of issues that kept bothering me at the Intermediate level:

  1. In pronunciation:
    • final consonants that I could still hear – a big no-no in French with exception of liaison, of course, as in “mes amis” and “les élèves” – first “s” sounds like a “z” but the second is silent – tricky!
    • lack of solid decoding skills to figure out how to pronounce an unfamiliar word, usually a cognate that looks similar but sounds quite different;
    • inability to adequately spell the word according to sounds a student would hear, even when I exaggerated them;
  2. In grammar:
    • lack of consistency in proper agreements at the upper levels;
    • a big mix-up of verb endings in their heads as in “Madame, is there an “-s” at the end? … Oh, I know! An “r”? … No? Ok, “-ent”? … Still no? I give up! Just tell me!”
  3. Or yet other serious problems like the use of “vous” (second person plural) common to show respect in francophone countries but very foreign to my classroom – I use it all the time but the kids do not have a habit.

This list can go on.

And on.

I know I can do better. Even though grammar should not rule my classroom, there still are grammar rules, the basic ones. The ones that will help my intermediate learners communicate efficiently in basic structures. The ones that will set them up for success in language learning after my classroom so they do not need to “unlearn” the incorrect versions that have already fossilized. “Oh, French verbs are so confusing!” they would say. I knew why: because most endings are silent yet written differently and because I failed to provide them with adequate focused practice of differences of “il parle” vs “tu parles” vs “ils parlent”!

Enter Gianfranco Conti’s (@gianfrancocont9) blog The Language Gym that I discovered right around the same time. It confirmed some of my ideas and questioned others. It also really pushed me to realize that I need to find a balance between happy carried away CI and non-boring, still relevant, still comprehensible mostly input activities focused on eliminating deficiencies that I identified. I felt like I owed it to my students to equip them with tools they needed and I could not do it without some targeted practice. In context, of course, in mini-doses, but to the point that they become aware and tend to these differences. I am starting to do it now, slowly, focusing on my beginners. My novices are self-correcting already to enunciate well “je” (“I”) as opposed to the sloppy version that sounds like “j’ai” (“I have”) because they know that it changes the message and may confuse the listener. See, communication is still the greatest and the most important aspect of what we do and my students know that any practice in class is for getting better and that I value their effort to speak and write in the target language. As long as I can understand what they are trying to communicate. As long as they do it with increasing proficiency and accuracy.

At least I know that I am not the only one in this boat 🙂



  1. I love this post! I’m in my second year of CI. Last year I did a drastic ditch-the-textbook-and-everything-with-it last year, like you did, and I’m starting to come to some of the same realizations you mention here,you’re definitely not alone!

    Liked by 1 person

    • Thank you, Melanie! Being from overseas where I didn’t really learn much about “how to teach” from my undergrad program (my language was great though!) much less about language acquisition, I can say that I pretty much Google-taught myself most of the things that I know now. That’s the main reason that I will be taking an online methods course through Weber University this summer. Good luck on your journey!


    • Lisa, thank you! And when I do find a magic wand that fixes it all, I will let you know:D In the meantime, here’s what I have been doing: I started including direct comments about pronunciation (gentle but firm) in feedback on speaking tasks with Novices. Works like a charm when it’s face to face and when you realize that you’ve said the same thing over and over (for example, je vs j’ai), it becomes clear that it is a persisting problem. We’ve been doing exaggerated sounds (work the face muscles!) and bite pieces of “How do I read/write that?” together on the board. Much better awareness of phonemes and letter-sound associations. If I can only get final consonants under control…


  2. I love your sense of balance – as you just commented that you like mine 🙂 I’m going to take into account your perspective on explaining grammar AFTER they know it. I do something similar (discovery learning of grammatical structures), but I’m guessing you have a different approach. Glad you sent me this post!


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